Dog attacking baby

dog attack baby

The fatal dog attack baby on the six-day-old Eliza-Mae Mullane will horrify parents and animal lovers.

The tragedy comes barely a week after 11-month-old Ava-Jayne Corless was killed by a pit bull terrier as she slept at her house in Blackburn.

And just three months ago, four-year-old Lexi Hudson was killed by her family’s bulldog.

It’s a distressing and terrifying roll call. But despite it, I predict most owners will still look at their docile pet and say there is no way it could ever turn into a killer.

But as I know only too well, they are wrong.

It’s not just pit bulls or rottweilers that should be considered dangerous. The truth is that no dog attack baby, whatever their breed, is ever safe to be left alone with a baby or child.

No matter how well-trained, they will revert to their natural instincts if they feel threatened or in danger.

I’ve been a vet for 17 years and I’ve seen at first-hand how brutal a pitbull attack baby can be.

The breed in this latest deadly attack in Carmarthenshire was an Alaskan malamute, which neighbors say was rescued a few months ago by the baby’s father after being told its previous owner was going to have it destroyed.

Malamutes, which are similar to huskies, are not banned. Strikingly beautiful, they are normally sweet-natured and loyal. But we should never forget they are very powerful.

They need constant exercising — owners need to take them for long walks twice daily. There are even running and sledding clubs for malamutes so they can burn off their pent-up energy.

No one yet knows if little Eliza-Mae’s parents were able to take care of such a dog properly. But this tragedy will haunt them forever.

MYTH #1:

Your dog will accept your new baby into the family and there is no need to train them; they will accept/love the baby because you do. For generations, we have introduced dogs and babies into the home together and have left it to chance for the dog to accept the baby and all that comes along with the developing stages from newborn-toddler-child. 

FACT:  

No family wants to believe that their dog attacking kid is capable of biting or mauling theirs.  According to Fatal Dog Attack Statistics, the age groups with the highest number of fatalities are children under the age of 1 year old, and this age group accounts for 19% of the deaths due to dog attacks. Of these, 72% were less than 90 days old. In addition, the Atlanta Study and multiple other studies have found that children were bitten by family dogs or dogs known to the family in up to 85% of the cases.

The majority of these deaths occur to newborns within the first 90 days of bringing them home and statistics have shown most of the attacks occur when the baby is asleep in a crib or bassinet.  You are asking yourself how this could be and the answer is simple: Dogs are predatory animals that react off of instinct and, if your dog is pre-dispositioned genetically to have a high prey drive, then the dog can perceive your newborn baby as prey.  Everything down to how your newborn baby cries could trigger a response in your dog that could result in them “attacking the prey.” As a trainer and mom, I must emphasize that predatory behavior in dogs is REAL. We need to be aware of all this information about our dogs before bringing home your newborn.  There is a precautionary test that can help us to understand the characteristics of our dog and how they might respond to the new baby.

Another thing to note is that up to this point your dog has never had to share their territory with anything.  There is a level of competition and threat that can go along with bringing home a new baby. Your dog now sees that all your attention is on that baby and some dogs have trouble adjusting to this especially if they are used to controlling the household and getting all the attention.

MYTH #2:

If you bring home an article of clothing with your newborn’s scent on it, it will help your dog to accept and familiarize itself with the new baby.

FACT:  

This is probably the number one myth out there! When I was in the hospital after my daughter’s birth, the nurse asked me if I wanted to take home an article of clothing or a swaddle blanket with my daughter’s scent on it. Me, being the dog trainer, asked her why and her reply was “So that your dog will like your daughter and be familiar with her scent.” This makes no dog training sense and yet people have been telling parents this for decades. Even other trainers tell their clients this. The reason this makes no logic in dog training theory is that we have no way of telling how the dog registers and perceives the new odor of the newborn. This is no different than taking a complete stranger’s shirt from them and having your dog sniff it! What if the dog thinks of this odor as a threat?! The correct way to introduce your newborn’s odor to the dog that could have the highest possibility of a positive correlation is to pair it with an odor that the dog has a positive familiar relationship with.

MYTH #3:

Your dog will be good around your newborn because they have been around kids before and loved them.

FACT:  

We live in a culture that waits until there is a problem before deciding we need to take action.

As a dog trainer, this is a recipe for disaster especially when it involves dog baby clothes and babies.

In the majority of families, I meet they have their dog first before their baby arrives, and the dog is pretty much their “Fur Baby”! I have attended numerous Prego Expos and I always ask expecting moms “Is your dog ready for the arrival of your newborn?” and they tell me “Yes! My dog has been around kids and loves them” or “My dog can tell something is different about me.” From these statements, I know that they have NO CLUE what is about to transpire in their dog’s routine and life.

When somebody compares how their dog acts around kids, that is significantly different than how your dog will behave when there is crying, smelly, noisy, crawling, all attention-getting little baby that is never leaving! We are barely ready for that as parents let alone the dogs!

We need to use caution when using the term “kid-friendly” too loosely. A dog attacked baby that has been raised around babies and kids is very different than a dog that has been exposed to them for short amounts of time.

MYTH #4:

Using a “fake” baby will help your dog prepare for your newborn and will give us an idea of how the dog will respond to the new baby.

FACT:  

We have no way of knowing how your dog will perceive the “fake” baby and dogs are extremely intelligent creatures. If for months you are preparing your dog with a “fake” baby and then your newborn arrives that moves, makes noise, and has a new smell it could actually draw more suspicion and curiosity to your dog. We also never want our dog to think the newborn baby is a toy. I have seen many families prepare the dog with this “fake” baby only to leave it lying around on the counter!

MYTH #5:

When your dog nips at the baby, that is OK because the child needs to learn not to roughhouse with the dog.

FACT:  

It is not the dog’s job to create boundaries for their space. A baby does not understand dog communication and body language to be able to protect them from being bitten. Depending on your breed of dog and what their bite style is would depend on the severity of the damage they can do when “correcting” your child. Leaving it to the dog to control the situation is very dangerous. We the parents need to be aware of all interactions between the dog and baby to know whether it is a healthy relationship. A dog will not bite without warning, but they will bite when all their warning signals go unnoticed or are disregarded.

Remember, dogs can’t verbally communicate with people when they are uncomfortable or stressed. Understanding the signs that your dog is trying to give is crucial in the prevention of any potential bite.

Avoidance and displacement behaviors are your dog’s best communication that they are uncomfortable with a situation and that “stressors” are starting to accumulate. It is critical to recognize your dog’s individual responses if you want to create a balanced environment between your dog and your baby.

 

MYTH #6:

Pit Bulls are famous for being the “nanny dog”.

FACT:  

Here is an exert from an interview that we did with Leri Hanson, a pitbull breeder.

Carrie: Do you support the nickname that Pit Bulls are “Nanny Dogs?”

Leri: I used to. That whole nanny dog movement was very pretty and really nice, and we could use it as a good rebuttal until the bad things the Pit Bulls were doing. But my sources say there is nothing to prove that they were ever a nanny dog, though there are old pictures of Pit Bulls and kids. Now, what I do agree with is that they have such a high tolerance for pain that when a kid is pulling on their ears, tail, or lip that they are okay with that. And I don’t think we should let kids do that, but these dogs are not as reactive as your average dog. I think that is where that whole “nanny dog” phrase came up. I thought the same thing originally, although I’ll tell you that I’m much more comfortable with my grandkids around the Pit Bull dogs than some of my other breeds. Now that I am a little bit more aware of dog behavior in general than I was when I was raising my kids, I wouldn’t allow that level of interaction anymore.

For the rest of the interview, check out our blog.

MYTH #7:

Letting the dog sleep with your kid will make them bond together.

FACT:  

Allowing your dog to sleep with your kids puts them all on the equal playing ground. They might as well be littermates. Some dogs can be up on furniture and in beds with no problems while other dogs can get territorial over their space. This is very dependent on that individual dog but putting your child in a situation where the dog could growl/nip if rolled on or if the child gets up to use the bathroom and then comes back to the dog not wanting to move over could be dangerous. The dog should have their own sleeping space on a dog bed on the floor.

MYTH #8:

My dog is so well tempered he will allow my kids to grab his/her food while eating.

FACT:  

As a dog trainer, I hear this all the time. When did that become the determining factor on if your dog and child would be OK together? It’s important to remember that food and water are resources for a dog. If there is an abundant resource, the dog might be less likely to guard it. But that is also dependent on the dog’s drive for it. Some dogs have a higher food drive and will feel like they are in competition to eat or guard their food. Even in a pack of puppies, if the food gets low, the puppies will challenge each other until it’s all gone. I have seen a 12-week old puppy fight over a bone and even guard a toy against me when I was going to take it. I am a firm believer that our dogs should be allowed their space to eat and drink without stress. Just because your dog allows your child to play with their food doesn’t mean they won’t ever guard their resource or nip. It just means at the moment they are being very tolerant of the situation and it may be just out of respect that you are there.

MYTH #9:

I trust my dog alone with my baby.

FACT:  

Dogs are animals and animals can be unpredictable. This statement sets all parties up for failure. Everybody needs to respect the breed of dog you have and understand the characteristics of that breed. There is nothing to prove in this area especially when it comes to the safety of your child or their friends. It is not enough to say that children and dogs should never be left alone unsupervised. Even that statement gives a false sense that if you are in the room that nothing would happen. The truth is you need to know and understand your individual dog and manage your household accordingly.

MYTH #10:

My dog has been around kids and never had an issue, so this information doesn’t pertain to me bringing home a newborn.

FACT:  

A kid and a newborn/baby are not the same contexts for your dog and they may not treat them the same. Your dog might not know what the sounds and movements of a newborn are. Sometimes a dog can have impulse issues around a baby’s high pitch scream and irregular movements. A predatory response could be triggered within your dog and that could be dangerous to your newborn.

*According to fatal dog attacks statistics, the age group with the highest number of fatalities our children under the age of one year old and account for 19% of the deaths due to dog attacks.
*Of these, 72% of deaths were newborns less than 90 days old.

Remember, your dog may not understand your newborn is a human. There are ways you can test your dog and help you to know the best training approaches to take and how to work with them for the safety of your new baby.

MYTH #11:

There are only certain breeds that you need to worry about babies or Young Kids.

FACT:  

Any breed of dog is capable of nipping/biting/mauling or killing a child. It is important to understand that certain breeds have different bite styles and as a result can cause more damage if they do bite especially when a young child is involved. You have to know your dogs breed characteristics to help you know what their bite style is. A herding dog such as an Australian Shepherd was bred to herd. Therefore their bite style is to nip and they can tend to bite at kids’ legs when they run. A Pit Bull has a fighting drive and their style of biting is to hold on and thrash. Jack Russell’s were bred to hunt vermin and they also will tend to hold on to their prey. Any bite can cause damage and also a dog that normal would bite and pull or maybe nip could also be capable of other styles depending on the response they are getting while on the bite.

MYTH #12:

Once a dog bites or tastes blood it will always be aggressive and you need to get rid of the dog.

FACT:  

Once a dog resorts to biting, it has now opened up a new behavior, and depending on the result that came after the bite determines if the behavior was successful or not. If the dog is fearful and biting resulted in the “threat” backing away from them then to the dog, it worked. If in the same scenario, the “threat” kept coming and then the dog backed away, then biting had no effect. A dog is going to do what gets the results they are looking for. That is why a lot of dogs growl when threatened because it is a warning signal. If growling never works, the next action could be biting. If the dog has no outlet or place to get away, sometimes they feel biting is the only option. It is very rare for a dog to bite with no reason or precursor. In cases where they do, it is normally a predatory bite and then yes in those cases it could be unpredictable keeping that dog if you can’t manage them appropriately, especially around kids.

Dogs possess up to 300 million olfactory receptors in their noses, compared with about 6 million in humans.

Dogs and children can be the best of friends, but they should be supervised when together, experts say.
“What the dog perceives is very different from what humans perceive … There are things the dog can smell or hear that we can’t,” says veterinarian and animal behavior specialist Andrew O’Shea, from the Sydney Animal Behaviour Service.

Sound

Dogs are much more sensitive to high pitched sounds than humans. Dogs hear a frequency range of 40 to 60,000 Hz while the human range is between 20 and 20,000 Hz.

High-pitched, loud noises such as a baby’s cry can excite them.

“It’s possible a dog can misinterpret those sounds and think they’re prey … or that tiny squeals might excite that dog,” Mr. O’Shea says.

Staring

Dogs in the wild tend not to look at each other in the eye unless they are fighting for dominance. Babies don’t blink very often, which can be taken as a sign of confrontation with a dog.

“With a dog that you don’t know or have no social bond with, then staring it in the eyes can seem threatening,” University of Sydney researcher and animal behavior consultant Melissa Starling says.

“With a baby … the quality of the gaze is different too, so it might disturb [the dog].”

This can combine with other unfamiliar characteristics of the baby to increase the potential for the dog to attack.

Movement

The behavior of young children around dogs is a major factor in dog bites. Children and dogs can misinterpret each other’s behavior.

“The way toddlers move – they run around the place, they’re not predictable, they move suddenly, they squeal, they wave their arms around – a lot of this can be scary to dogs,” Mr. O’Shea says.

“We need to teach dogs to behave and be calm around kids, and we need to teach kids how to interact with dogs.”

Unfamiliarity

“Especially for a dog that hasn’t had much contact with babies, babies can seem quite strange. They smell strange, they make strange noises, their movements can be erratic,” Ms Starling says.

All these unfamiliar characteristics may prompt a curious dog to investigate. And, like babies, dogs often use their mouths to investigate.

“When a dog comes across something new, they tend to grab it, pick it up with their mouth, drop it, pick it up, drop it again, shake it. And if the dog gets a good response from that, it’s likely to do it again,” Mr. O’Shea says.

It’s possible, he says, that a dog that is investigating an unfamiliar arrival to the home can injure a baby through trying to pick it up or interact with it.

Jealousy (or hierarchy)

Can a dog attacks baby out of jealousy?

Little research has been done on this question, and the research that does exist is not clear on whether dogs experience jealousy as humans do.

Dogs can react to differential treatment. “But I don’t know if you’d call that jealousy,” Ms. Starling says.

“It could be the dog saying, ‘I want that too’ or responding to a sense of fairness …

On the other hand, dogs are social animals and they obey a group hierarchy. Changes in the home, like the arrival of a baby, can prompt a family pet to behave differently to what one might expect.

Breed

The data is patchy but, anecdotally, most dog bites are caused by a small number of breeds, according to the RSPCA.

However, the organization warns that any dog can bite.

The RSPCA does not advocate breed-specific legislation and, where this legislation has been in place, it has not resulted in fewer bites, an RSPCA spokesperson said.

When it comes to size, the difference is the damage that can be inflicted by a large, strong breed versus a small dog.

Precautions

“Any dog has the potential to injure children. Any dog has the potential to bite. Any dog should be supervised around children until the child is at least eight years of age,” Mr. O’Shea says.

Here are some guidelines from the RSPCA:

  • Children should be supervised around any dog. Do not assume that just because it is the family dog, everything will be fine. Children need to be taught how to approach, play with, and interact with dogs.
  • Teach children that dogs need their space. Let sleeping dogs lie. Do not disturb a dog that is eating. Recognize when a dog does not want to interact/play.
  • Recognizing fear and anxiety in dogs is important, as “aggression” in dogs is usually fear-based. Dogs usually show a warning before a bite. Don’t ignore these signals.